Moses Hitting The Rock Three Times Caused Christ To Be Beaten Three Times

How many times did Moses strike a Rock and it bring forth water?

What does “strike” mean in Hebrew?

Moses hits the Rock 1

Exo 17:5  And the LORD said unto Moses, Go on before the people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel; and thy rod, wherewith thou smotest the river, take in thine hand, and go. 

Exo 17:6  Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel. 

Numbers 20

Num 20:7  And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 

Num 20:8  Take the rod, and gather thou the assembly together, thou, and Aaron thy brother, and speak ye unto the rock before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water, and thou shalt bring forth to them water out of the rock: so thou shalt give the congregation and their beasts drink. 

Num 20:9  And Moses took the rod from before the LORD, as he commanded him. 

Moses Strikes the Rock

Num 20:10  And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock? 


Num 20:11  And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts also. 

Num 20:12  And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them. 

Num 20:13  This is the water of Meribah; because the children of Israel strove with the LORD, and he was sanctified in them. 

MOSES HIT A ROCK THREE TIMES! He was to only hit the Rock once, the first time. The second time he was supposed to SPEAK TO IT, but instead he hit it TWICE!! For a total of THREE TIMES THE ROCK WAS BEATEN!

Lexicon :: Strong’s H5221 – nakah

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nä·kä’ (Key)

Part of Speech


Root Word (Etymology)

A primitive root

Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1364

KJV Translation Count — Total: 500x

The KJV translates Strong’s H5221 in the following manner: smite (348x), slay (92x), kill (20x), beat (9x), slaughter (5x), stricken (3x), given (3x), wounded (3x), strike (2x), stripes (2x), miscellaneous (13x).

Outline of Biblical Usage [?]

  1. to strike, smite, hit, beat, slay, kill
    1. (Niphal) to be stricken or smitten
    1. (Pual) to be stricken or smitten
    1. (Hiphil)
      1. to smite, strike, beat, scourge, clap, applaud, give a thrust
      1. to smite, kill, slay (man or beast)
      1. to smite, attack, attack and destroy, conquer, subjugate, ravage
      1. to smite, chastise, send judgment upon, punish, destroy
    1. (Hophal) to be smitten
      1. to receive a blow
      1. to be wounded
      1. to be beaten
      1. to be (fatally) smitten, be killed, be slain
      1. to be attacked and captured
      1. to be smitten (with disease)
      1. to be blighted (of plants)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)

נָכָה nâkâh, naw-kaw’; a primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively):—beat, cast forth, clap, give (wounds), × go forward, × indeed, kill, make (slaughter), murderer, punish, slaughter, slay(-er, -ing), smite(-r, -ing), strike, be stricken, (give) stripes, × surely, wound.

Now, who is the Rock?


The Song of Moses DEUTORONOMY 32

4He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.

13He made him ride on the high places of the earth, that he might eat the increase of the fields; and he made him to suck honey out of the rock, and oil out of the flinty rock;

15But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered with fatness; then he forsook God which made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.

18Of the Rock that begat thee thou art unmindful, and hast forgotten God that formed thee.

30How should one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, except their Rock had sold them, and the LORD had shut them up?

31For their rock is not as our Rock, even our enemies themselves being judges.

37And he shall say, Where are their gods, their rock in whom they trusted,

Moses’ Death Foretold BECAUSE of striking the Rock and not speaking to it.

48And the LORD spake unto Moses that selfsame day, saying, 49Get thee up into this mountain Abarim, unto mount Nebo, which is in the land of Moab, that is over against Jericho; and behold the land of Canaan, which I give unto the children of Israel for a possession: 50And die in the mount whither thou goest up, and be gathered unto thy people; as Aaron thy brother died in mount Hor, and was gathered unto his people: 51Because ye trespassed against me among the children of Israel at the waters of MeribahKadesh, in the wilderness of Zin; because ye sanctified me not in the midst of the children of Israel. 52Yet thou shalt see the land before thee; but thou shalt not go thither unto the land which I give the children of Israel.

Psa 118:22  The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner. 

Psa 18:2  The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, and my high tower. 

Psa 61:2  From the end of the earth will I cry unto thee, when my heart is overwhelmed: lead me to the rock that is higher than I. 

Psa 61:3  For thou hast been a shelter for me, and a strong tower from the enemy. 

Psa 61:4  I will abide in thy tabernacle for ever: I will trust in the covert of thy wings. Selah. 

Psa 62:2  He only is my rock and my salvation; he is my defence; I shall not be greatly moved. 

Psa 18:46  The LORD liveth; and blessed be my rock; and let the God of my salvation be exalted. 

Exo 33:20  And he said, Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live. 

Exo 33:21  And the LORD said, Behold, there is a place by me, and thou shalt stand upon a rock: 

Exo 33:22  And it shall come to pass, while my glory passeth by, that I will put thee in a clift of the rock, and will cover thee with my hand while I pass by: 

Exo 33:23  And I will take away mine hand, and thou shalt see my back parts: but my face shall not be seen. 

1Sa 2:1  And Hannah prayed, and said, My heart rejoiceth in the LORD, mine horn is exalted in the LORD: my mouth is enlarged over mine enemies; because I rejoice in thy salvation. 

1Sa 2:2  There is none holy as the LORD: for there is none beside thee: neither is there any rock like our God. 

Isa 28:16  Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste. 

1 Corinthians 10: 4And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

Rom 9:33  As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed. 

1Pe 2:6  Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded. 

1Pe 2:7  Unto you therefore which believe he is precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner, 

1Pe 2:8  And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed. 

Dan 2:34  Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet that were of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces. 

Mat 21:44  And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder. 

Mat 7:24  Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock: 

Mat 7:25  And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell not: for it was founded upon a rock. 


A man guilty was supposed to be beaten with 40 stripes according to the law. I have ALWAYS BEEN TAUGHT that they never beat someone with 40 stripes but only 39 because they could die if beaten with more. THE WORD OF GOD DOES NOT SAY THAT!


Deuteronomy 25:3

Forty stripes he may give him, and not exceed: lest, if he should exceed, and beat him above these with many stripes, then thy brother should seem vile unto thee.

Now let’s read some of the prophecies concerning Jesus and the beatings, mocking, and scourgings (yes plural) He endured.

Then we are going to go to the Gospels and piece this all together.

Isaiah 50:

6I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.

Isaiah 53

3He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.

Strong’s Concordance

bazah: to despise

Original Word: בָּזָה
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: bazah
Phonetic Spelling: (baw-zaw’)
Definition: to despise

NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
a prim. root
to despise
NASB Translation
careless (1), contempt (1), despicable (1), despise (5), despised (32), despises (2), disdained (1), disdained* (1).

Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance

despise, disdain, contemptible, think to scorn, vile person

4Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.


Strong’s Concordance

makob: pain

Original Word: מַכָאֹב
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Transliteration: makob
Phonetic Spelling: (mak-obe’)
Definition: pain

NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
from kaab
NASB Translation
pain (10), painful (1), sorrow (1), sorrows (3), sufferings (1).

5But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.


Strong’s Concordance

daka: to crush

Original Word: דָּכָא
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: daka
Phonetic Spelling: (daw-kaw’)
Definition: to crush

NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
a prim. root
to crush
NASB Translation
become contrite (1), contrite (1), crush (7), crushed (7), crushing (1), oppressed (1).

Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance

beat to pieces, break in pieces, bruise, contrite, crush, destroy, humble, oppress,

A primitive root (compare dakah); to crumble; transitively, to bruise (literally or figuratively) — beat to pieces, break (in pieces), bruise, contrite, crush, destroy, humble, oppress, smite.

7He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.


Strong’s Concordance

nagas: to press, drive, oppress, exact

Original Word: נָגַשׂ
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: nagas
Phonetic Spelling: (naw-gas’)
Definition: to press, drive, oppress, exact

NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
a prim. root
to press, drive, oppress, exact
NASB Translation
drive hard (1), driver (1), exact (2), exacted (1), hard-pressed (2), oppressed (2), oppressor (4), oppressors (2), overseers (1), ruler (1), taskmaster (1), taskmasters (5).


Strong’s Concordance

anah: defile

Original Word: עָנָה
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: anah
Phonetic Spelling: (aw-naw’)
Definition: to be bowed down or afflicted

Jesus was first taken to Annas who had been a High Priest and was the father-in-law Caiaphas who was now acting High Priest. I do not understand as of yet the importance of being taken to Annas first but I believe there is an important reason unbeknown to me at this point.

John 18

12Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him, 13And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year. 14Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people. 19The high priest then asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine. 20Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither the Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing. 21Why askest thou me? ask them which heard me, what I have said unto them: behold, they know what I said. 22And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so? 23Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why smitest thou me? 24Now Annas had sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest.

After Annas Jesus is taken to Caiaphas for an illegal trial, here is where the brutality begins.

JESUS WAS BEATEN for the first time in front of the High Priest Caiaphas, SPIT ON AND BEARD PULLED OUT.


53And they led Jesus away to the high priest: and with him were assembled all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes. 54And Peter followed him afar off, even into the palace of the high priest: and he sat with the servants, and warmed himself at the fire. 55And the chief priests and all the council sought for witness against Jesus to put him to death; and found none. 56For many bare false witness against him, but their witness agreed not together. 57And there arose certain, and bare false witness against him, saying, 58We heard him say, I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands. 59But neither so did their witness agree together. 60And the high priest stood up in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee? 61But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high priest asked him, and said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the Son of the Blessed? 62And Jesus said, I am: and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven. 63Then the high priest rent his clothes, and saith, What need we any further witnesses? 64Ye have heard the blasphemy: what think ye? And they all condemned him to be guilty of death. 65And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say unto him, Prophesy: and the servants did strike him with the palms of their hands.

Matthew 26

57And they that had laid hold on Jesus led him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled. 58But Peter followed him afar off unto the high priest’s palace, and went in, and sat with the servants, to see the end.

59Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death; 60But found none: yea, though many false witnesses came, yet found they none. At the last came two false witnesses, 61And said, This fellow said, I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days. 62And the high priest arose, and said unto him, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee? 63But Jesus held his peace. And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God. 64Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.

65Then the high priest rent his clothes, saying, He hath spoken blasphemy; what further need have we of witnesses? behold, now ye have heard his blasphemy. 66What think ye? They answered and said, He is guilty of death.

67Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote him with the palms of their hands68Saying, Prophesy unto us, thou Christ, Who is he that smote thee?

Luk 22:63  And the men that held Jesus mocked him, and smote him. 

Luk 22:64  And when they had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him, saying, Prophesy, who is it that smote thee? 

Luk 22:65  And many other things blasphemously spake they against him. 

Where it says they “SMOTE” Him it was not a simple back handed slap.


Strong’s Concordance

SMOTE 1194

deró: to skin, to thrash

Original Word: δέρω
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: deró
Phonetic Spelling: (der’-o)
Definition: to skin, to thrash
Usage: I flay, flog, scourge, beat.

NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
a prim. verb
to skin, to thrash
NASB Translation
beat (5), beaten (1), beating (3), flogged (2), hits (1), receive (1), receive…lashes (1), strike (1).

Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance

beat, smite.

A primary verb; properly, to flay, i.e. (by implication) to scourge, or (by analogy) to thrash — beat, smite.

Strong’s Concordance

kolaphizó: to strike with the fist

Original Word: κολαφίζω
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: kolaphizó
Phonetic Spelling: (kol-af-id’-zo)
Definition: to strike with the fist
Usage: I strike with the fist, buffet; hence: I mistreat violently.

HELPS Word-studies

Cognate: 2852 kolaphízō (from kolaphos “a blow from the fist”) – properly, to strike with the fist (literally “knuckles”); to hit hard “with the knuckles, to make the blow sting and crush . . . in 2 Cor 12:7 the idea is striking with something sharp and painful, sticking deeply in the flesh so it remains there” (R. Lenski).

A primitive root; to disesteem — despise, disdain, contemn(-ptible), + think to scorn, vile person.

What they had done at the illegal trial at night was the beginning of Isaiah 53:4, by the time He was hung on the tree Jesus was no longer recognizable as a person!

According to the law He was to be beaten, scourged with 40 strips upon being found guilty. The illegal trial that was held before the Sanhedrin, the Pharisees, and the Sadducees being the judges.

Deu 25:1  If there be a controversy between men, and they come unto judgment, that the judges may judge them; then they shall justify the righteous, and condemn the wicked. 

Deu 25:2  And it shall be, if the wicked man be worthy to be beaten, that the judge shall cause him to lie down, and to be beaten before his face, according to his fault, by a certain number. 

Deu 25:3  Forty stripes he may give him, and not exceed: lest, if he should exceed, and beat him above these with many stripes, then thy brother should seem vile unto thee. 

Isaiah 52:14 As many were astonied at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men:


Strong’s Concordance

shamem: to be desolated or appalled

Original Word: שָׁמֵם
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: shamem
Phonetic Spelling: (shaw-mame’)
Definition: to be desolated or appalled

NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
a prim. root
to be desolated or appalled
NASB Translation
appalled (13), astonished (8), astounded (1), become desolate (1), causes horror (1), causing consternation (1), desolate (22), desolated (4), desolating (1), desolation (5), desolations (3), destitute (1), destroy (1), devastations (1), horrified (2), laid desolate (1), laid waste (4), lie deserted (1), lies desolate (1), made me desolate (1), made you desolate (1), made desolate (3), make the desolate (2), make their desolate (2), make them desolate (1), make your desolate (1), make…appalled (1), make…desolate (1), makes desolate (2), ravaged (1), ruin (1), ruined (1), ruins (1).


Strong’s Concordance

mishchath: corruption

Original Word: מִשְׁחָת
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Transliteration: mishchath
Phonetic Spelling: (mish-khawth’)
Definition: corruption (ceremonial)


מִשְׁחַת noun [masculine] disfigurement of face Isaiah 52:14.

מָשְׁחָת noun [masculine] corruption (ritual), Leviticus 22:25 (H).

שַׁ֫חַת see שׁוח


Strong’s Concordance

mareh: sight, appearance, vision

Original Word: מַרְאֶה
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Transliteration: mareh
Phonetic Spelling: (mar-eh’)
Definition: sight, appearance, vision

NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
from raah
sight, appearance, vision
NASB Translation
appear (1), appearance (48), appears (7), desires (1), face (2), form (2), good-looking* (1), impressive (1), like (2), looked (2), looking (1), openly (1), pattern (1), saw* (1), see* (1), sight (5), something (2), vision (10), what…see (2), who looked (1).


Strong’s Concordance

toar: outline, form

Original Word: תֹּאַר
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Transliteration: toar
Phonetic Spelling: (to’-ar)
Definition: outline, form

NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
from taar
outline, form
NASB Translation
appearance (2), form (7), handsome (1), handsome* (1), resembling (1).

Isa 50:6  I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting. 

Strong’s Concordance

marat: to make smooth, bare or bald, to scour, polish

Original Word: מָרַט
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: marat
Phonetic Spelling: (maw-rat’)
Definition: to make smooth, bare or bald, to scour, polish

NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
a prim. root
to make smooth, bare or bald, to scour, polish
NASB Translation
becomes bald (1), loses the hair (1), pluck out the beard (1), polished (6), pulled (1), pulled out hair (1), rubbed bare (1), smooth (2).

Jesus Before Pilate

Luk 23:1  And the whole multitude of them arose, and led him unto Pilate. 

Luk 23:2  And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King. 

Luk 23:3  And Pilate asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And he answered him and said, Thou sayest it. 

Luk 23:4  Then said Pilate to the chief priests and to the people, I find no fault in this man. 

Luk 23:5  And they were the more fierce, saying, He stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee to this place. 

Jesus Before Herod


Luk 23:6  When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether the man were a Galilaean. 

Luk 23:7  And as soon as he knew that he belonged unto Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who himself also was at Jerusalem at that time. 

Luk 23:8  And when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceeding glad: for he was desirous to see him of a long season, because he had heard many things of him; and he hoped to have seen some miracle done by him. 

Luk 23:9  Then he questioned with him in many words; but he answered him nothing. 

Luk 23:10  And the chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused him. 

Luk 23:11  And Herod with his men of war set him at nought, and mocked him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate. 

Strong’s Concordance

lampros: bright

Original Word: λαμπρός, ά, όν
Part of Speech: Adjective
Transliteration: lampros
Phonetic Spelling: (lam-pros’)
Definition: bright
Usage: shining, magnificent, bright, splendid.

NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
from lampó
NASB Translation
bright (3), clear (1), fine (2), gorgeous (1), shining (1), splendid (1).

Thayer’s Greek Lexicon

STRONGS NT 2986: λαμπρός

λαμπρός, λαμπρά, λαμπρόν (λάμπω);

a. shining; brilliant: ἀστήρ, Revelation 22:16 (Homer, Iliad 4, 77, etc.); clear, transparent, Revelation 22:1.

b. splendid, magnificent (A. V. gorgeous, bright (see below)): ἐσθής, Luke 23:11Acts 10:30James 2:2f; λίνον (L Tr WH λίθον), Revelation 15:6; βύσσινος, ; neuter plural splendid ((R. V. sumptuous)) things, i. e. elegancies or luxuries in dress and style, Revelation 18:14. The word is sometimes used of brilliant and glistening whiteness (hence, λαμπρά τηβεννα, toga candida, Polybius 10, 4, 8; 10, 5, 1); accordingly the Vulg. in Acts 10:30James 2:2Revelation 15:6 renders it bycandidas; and some interpreters, following the Vulg. (indutum vestc alba), understand ‘white apparel’ to be spoken of in Luke 23:11 (A. V. gorgeous; (see above)); cf. Keim, iii., p. 380 note (English translation, vi. 104).

Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance

bright, clear, white.

From the same as lampas; radiant; by analogy, limpid; figuratively, magnificent or sumptuous (in appearance) — bright, clear, gay, goodly, gorgeous, white.

see GREEK lampas

Luk 23:12  And the same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before they were at enmity between themselves. 

Luk 23:13  And Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people, 

Luk 23:14  Said unto them, Ye have brought this man unto me, as one that perverteth the people: and, behold, I, having examined him before you, have found no fault in this man touching those things whereof ye accuse him: 

Luk 23:15  No, nor yet Herod: for I sent you to him; and, lo, nothing worthy of death is done unto him. 

Luk 23:16  I will therefore chastise him, and release him. 

Luk 23:17  (For of necessity he must release one unto them at the feast.) 

Pilate Delivers Jesus to Be Crucified

Luk 23:18  And they cried out all at once, saying, Away with this man, and release unto us Barabbas: 

Luk 23:19  (Who for a certain sedition made in the city, and for murder, was cast into prison.) 

Luk 23:20  Pilate therefore, willing to release Jesus, spake again to them. 

Luk 23:21  But they cried, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. 

Luk 23:22  And he said unto them the third time, Why, what evil hath he done? I have found no cause of death in him: I will therefore chastise him, and let him go. 

Luk 23:23  And they were instant with loud voices, requiring that he might be crucified. And the voices of them and of the chief priests prevailed. 

Luk 23:24  And Pilate gave sentence that it should be as they required. 

Luk 23:25  And he released unto them him that for sedition and murder was cast into prison, whom they had desired; but he delivered Jesus to their will. 

Jesus Before Pilate

Joh 18:28  Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover. 

Joh 18:29  Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man? 

Joh 18:30  They answered and said unto him, If he were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered him up unto thee. 

Joh 18:31  Then said Pilate unto them, Take ye him, and judge him according to your law. The Jews therefore said unto him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to death: 

Joh 18:32  That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die. 

My Kingdom Is Not of This World

Joh 18:33  Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou the King of the Jews? 

Joh 18:34  Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee of me? 

Joh 18:35  Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation and the chief priests have delivered thee unto me: what hast thou done? 

Joh 18:36  Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence. 

Joh 18:37  Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice. 

Joh 18:38  Pilate saith unto him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no fault at all. 

Joh 18:39  But ye have a custom, that I should release unto you one at the passover: will ye therefore that I release unto you the King of the Jews? 

Joh 18:40  Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber. 

Strong’s Concordance

praitórion: Praetorium (official residence of a governor), praetorian guard

Original Word: πραιτώριον, ου, τό
Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter
Transliteration: praitórion
Phonetic Spelling: (prahee-to’-ree-on)
Definition: Praetorium (official residence of a governor), praetorian guard
Usage: the palace at Jerusalem occupied by the Roman governor, or the quarters of the praetorian guard in Rome.

HELPS Word-studies

4232 praitṓrion – properly, a governor’s house (Latin, praetorium). 4232 (praitṓrion) is used of:

NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
of Latin origin
Praetorium (official residence of a governor), praetorian guard
NASB Translation
praetorian guard (1), Praetorium (7).

Jesus Delivered to Be Crucified


Joh 19:1  Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him. 

Joh 19:2  And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple robe, 

Strong’s Concordance

porphurous: purple

Original Word: πορφυροῦς, ᾶ, οῦν
Part of Speech: Adjective
Transliteration: porphurous
Phonetic Spelling: (por-foo-rooce’)
Definition: purple
Usage: purple.

HELPS Word-studies

Cognate: 4210 porphyroús – a purple (reddish-purple) cloth or dye. See 4209 (porphýra).

(Jn 19:5) It was customary in ancient times for a king to dress in purple. Hence, giving Jesus a purple cloak, mocked Him as someone merely posing to be a king.

[This garment was perhaps a discarded officers’ cloak that had been dyed purple.]

Thayer’s Greek Lexicon

STRONGS NT 4210: πορφύρεος

πορφύρεος, πορφυρεα, πορφυρεον, in Attic and in the N. T. contracted πορφυροῦς, πορφύρα, πορφυροῦν (πορφύρα), from Homer down, purple, dyed in purple, made of a purple fabricJohn 19:2, 5; πορφυροῦν namely, ἔνδυμα ((Buttmann, 82 (72)); cf. Winer’s Grammar, p. 591 (550)), Revelation 17:4 (G L T Tr WH); Revelation 18:16.

Joh 19:3  And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they smote him with their hands. 

Joh 19:4  Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him. 

Joh 19:5  Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them, Behold the man! (JESUS WAS STILL IN A PURPLE ROBE AND CROWN HERE)

Joh 19:6  When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify him: for I find no fault in him. 

Joh 19:7  The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God. 

Joh 19:8  When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid; 

Joh 19:9  And went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer. 

Joh 19:10  Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee? 

Joh 19:11  Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin. 

Joh 19:12  And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar’s friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar. 

Joh 19:13  When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha. 

Joh 19:14  And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King! 

Joh 19:15  But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar. 

Jesus Delivered to Pilate


Mar 15:1  And straightway in the morning the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council, and bound Jesus, and carried him away, and delivered him to Pilate. 

Mar 15:2  And Pilate asked him, Art thou the King of the Jews? And he answering said unto him, Thou sayest it. 

Mar 15:3  And the chief priests accused him of many things: but he answered nothing. 

Mar 15:4  And Pilate asked him again, saying, Answerest thou nothing? behold how many things they witness against thee. 

Mar 15:5  But Jesus yet answered nothing; so that Pilate marvelled. 

Pilate Delivers Jesus to Be Crucified

Mar 15:6  Now at that feast he released unto them one prisoner, whomsoever they desired. 

Mar 15:7  And there was one named Barabbas, which lay bound with them that had made insurrection with him, who had committed murder in the insurrection. 

Mar 15:8  And the multitude crying aloud began to desire him to do as he had ever done unto them. 

Mar 15:9  But Pilate answered them, saying, Will ye that I release unto you the King of the Jews? 

Mar 15:10  For he knew that the chief priests had delivered him for envy. 

Mar 15:11  But the chief priests moved the people, that he should rather release Barabbas unto them. 

Mar 15:12  And Pilate answered and said again unto them, What will ye then that I shall do unto him whom ye call the King of the Jews? 

Mar 15:13  And they cried out again, Crucify him. 

Mar 15:14  Then Pilate said unto them, Why, what evil hath he done? And they cried out the more exceedingly, Crucify him. 

Mar 15:15  And so Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged him, to be crucified. 

Jesus Is Mocked

Mar 15:16  And the soldiers led him away into the hall, called Praetorium; and they call together the whole band. 

  1. 4232 praitṓrion – properly, a governor’s house (Latin, praetorium). 4232 (praitṓrion) is used of:

Strong’s Concordance

  • praitórion: Praetorium (official residence of a governor), praetorian guard
  • Original Word: πραιτώριον, ου, τό
    Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter
    Transliteration: praitórion
    Phonetic Spelling: (prahee-to’-ree-on)
    Definition: Praetorium (official residence of a governor), praetorian guard
    Usage: the palace at Jerusalem occupied by the Roman governor, or the quarters of the praetorian guard in Rome.
  • HELPS Word-studies

Mar 15:17  And they clothed him with purple, and platted a crown of thorns, and put it about his head, 

Mar 15:18  And began to salute him, Hail, King of the Jews! 

Mar 15:19  And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing their knees worshipped him. 

Mar 15:20  And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple from him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him. 

Strong’s Concordance

porphura: purple fish, purple dye, purple cloth

Original Word: πορφύρα, ας, ἡ
Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine
Transliteration: porphura
Phonetic Spelling: (por-foo’-rah)
Definition: purple fish, purple dye, purple cloth
Usage: a purple garment, indicating power or wealth.

HELPS Word-studies

4209 porphýra – purple, symbolic of “royal status” (L & N, 1, 79.38). There were three familiar shades of purple in the ancient world: deep violet, deep scarlet (or crimson), and deep blue (WP, 2, 220).

Prov 31:22 associates purple with “godly (ideal) femininity,” i.e. “righteous femaleness.”

Thayer’s Greek Lexicon

STRONGS NT 4209: πορφύρα

πορφύρα, πορφύρας, ἡ, the Sept. for אַרְגָמָן;

1. the purple-fish, a species of shell-fish or mussel: (Aeschylus, Sophocles), Isocrates, Aristotle, others; add 1 Macc. 4:23, on which see Grimm; (cf. B. D., under the word 1).

2. a fabric colored with the purple dye, a garment made from purple cloth (so from Aeschylus down): Mark 15:17, 20Luke 16:19Revelation 17:4 Rec.;

Jesus Delivered to Pilate

Mat 27:1  When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death: 

Mat 27:2  And when they had bound him, they led him away, and delivered him to Pontius Pilate the governor. 

Jesus Before Pilate

Mat 27:11  And Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest. 

Mat 27:12  And when he was accused of the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing. 

Mat 27:13  Then said Pilate unto him, Hearest thou not how many things they witness against thee? 

Mat 27:14  And he answered him to never a word; insomuch that the governor marvelled greatly. 

The Crowd Chooses Barabbas

Mat 27:15  Now at that feast the governor was wont to release unto the people a prisoner, whom they would. 

Mat 27:16  And they had then a notable prisoner, called Barabbas. 

Mat 27:17  Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ? 

Mat 27:18  For he knew that for envy they had delivered him. 

Mat 27:19  When he was set down on the judgment seat, his wife sent unto him, saying, Have thou nothing to do with that just man: for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him. 

Mat 27:20  But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask Barabbas, and destroy Jesus. 

Mat 27:21  The governor answered and said unto them, Whether of the twain will ye that I release unto you? They said, Barabbas. 

Mat 27:22  Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ? They all say unto him, Let him be crucified. 

Mat 27:23  And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified. 

Pilate Delivers Jesus to Be Crucified


Mat 27:24  When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to it. 

Mat 27:25  Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children. 

Mat 27:26  Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified. 

Jesus Is Mocked

Mat 27:27  Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and gathered unto him the whole band of soldiers. 

Mat 27:28  And they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe

Strong’s Concordance

kokkinos: scarlet

Original Word: κόκκινος, η, ον
Part of Speech: Adjective
Transliteration: kokkinos
Phonetic Spelling: (kok’-kee-nos)
Definition: scarlet
Usage: crimson, scarlet, dyed with Kermes (coccum), the female coccus of the Kermes oak.

NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
from kokkos
NASB Translation
scarlet (6).

Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance

scarlet, crimson

From kokkos (from the kernel-shape of the insect); crimson-colored — scarlet (colour, coloured).

see GREEK kokkos

Mat 27:29  And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews! 

Mat 27:30  And they spit upon him, and took the reed, and smote him on the head. 

Mat 27:31  And after that they had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify him. 


  • A tract of ground, the use of which is not appropriated to an individual, but belongs to the public or to a number. Thus we apply the word to an open ground or space in a highway, reserved for public use.

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